Follow seven life-giving steps
TO undertake basic life support there are seven steps to follow, according to the Australia Resuscitation Council.
- Dangers - The person(s) attempting the life support should check the area for any sign of threat. If you suffer an injury you cannot save anybody.
- Responsive - Check to see if the victim is responsive. This can be as simple pulse check or trying to draw a response from the injured person.
- Send - If you have a mobile phone and are alone, call for help immediately. If you have a companion, get them to do this while you prepare for action.
- Airway - check to see if the person has an open airway. If there is an obstruction attempt to clear it.
- Normal Breathing - check to see if the person is breathing normally
- CPR - Start to perform CPR. Ideally this should involve a mixture of chest compressions and rescue breaths. The rate should be 30 compressions to two rescue breaths. Some first aid providers suggest the 30 compressions should take about 18 seconds. If unwilling or unable to do the rescue breaths, just continue with the chest compressions.
- Defibrillator - If you have access to an automated external defibrillator (AED), continue to do CPR until you can attach it to the victim and turn it on. Follow its prompts.
The ARC advises that a rescuer should continue CPR until the victim becomes responsive or until normal breathing occurs.
This council has been established to foster and co-ordinate the practice and teaching of resuscitation in Australia.
It also aims to promote uniformity and standardisation of resuscitation.